Shelton Timber Treatment Co are able to supply contract treatment of pine products and are large contract treaters of pine throughout Victoria. This service allows the customer to supply their own timber to be processed.

Chemicals are used to impregnate the wood cells and make them resistant to decay, insects, weather, or fire. Treatments assist in ensuring adequate service life pine timber.

Chemical treatment adds to the cost of the timber, but can significantly increase its serviceable life. When used in environments in which there are known biological hazards, it is cost-effective to specify treated timber and expect a longer service life and a lower cost maintenance schedule.

The preservative treatment of timber or timber products involves the introduction of stable chemicals into the cellular structure of timber that protect the timber from hazards such as wood destroying organisms including fungi and insects.

Preservative treatment against decay and insect attack

To determine whether the use of preservative treated timber is required, consider the following issues:

  • The presence of a hazard – moisture, insect, decay, etc.
  • The degree of structural reliability required – degree of load sharing, cost of failure and risk of injury or death if failure occurs
  • Expected service life of the structure
  • Natural durability of the timber
  • Presence of sapwood
  • Type of design of the building or component

Preservative treatment of timber is primarily concerned with protection of the sapwood. It is not possible to effectively treat heartwood in most species, as heartwood cells contain resins and other extractives which prevent the uptake of preservative solutions. The wide sapwood bands of the major plantation softwoods (radiata, slash, hoop pine) can be effectively treated with preservatives.

Preservative treatment level is specified using the same hazard level scale used to indicate hazard level.

  • Treatment Level H3 – suitable for use in H3 Hazard environments – external above ground (eg fascias, pergolas, verandahs)
  • Treatment Level H4 – suitable for use in H4 Hazard environments – ground contact, generally dry (eg posts in normal conditions)
  • Treatment Level H5 – suitable for use in H5 Hazard environments – ground contact, aggressive (eg posts in high water table areas, bridge piles)

A suite of standards made specifically for the timber treatment industry gives chemical retention rates and depth of penetration in order to satisfy requirements for the relevant H level of treatment.

Different processes of forcing the chemical into the wood give slightly different depth of penetration, but in general, the depth of penetration of the chemical may not change much with increasing levels of treatment using the same process. Increasing H levels have a requirement for increasing chemical retention rates (gms of chemical bonded to one kg of wood)

Common preservative treatments

CCA – (Copper, Chromium and Arsenic salts) impregnates the timber with water and salts. CCA is pressure impregnated and designed to react with the wood cell components so that the active elements, copper (Cu), chromium (Cr) and arsenic (As) are fixed into the wood's structure. The arsenic component protects the sapwood from insect attack, the copper and arsenic from fungal degrade, while the chromium component chemically locks the elements into the timber, offering high resistance to leaching. Because the treatment is resistant to leaching, it can be used on timber that will be exposed to the elements or used in-ground.

There are a number of different formulations of CCA commonly used by the Australian timber industry. Each has different production requirements, but all of them have equivalent performance for a given H classification. The treatment is free of odour and so is suitable for use in enclosed spaces or for indoor applications; however, the treated timber has a green appearance, which may detract from its appearance in some applications. The treated product has minimal release of volatile components and as the salts are “fixed” in the timber, they are safe to handle or work.

After treatment, the timber commonly has a moisture content that would class it as unseasoned. In order to give the treated timber dimensional stability, it must be re-dried. This process can decrease its strength a little, and invariably adds a little to the cost of the timber.

Hazard LevelService
Condition
Biological
Hazards or Pests
Typical
Applications
Products
H3Above ground, outside, exposed to weather & dampnessFungal decay, termites & borersDecking, fence pickets & rails, pergolas, exposed bearers, claddingTanalith Oxide Tanalith E
H4In ground or ground contact, outsideFungal decay termites & BorersFence posts, sleepers, landscaping, garden edges & boxesTanalith Oxide Tanalith E
H5In ground or ground contact, outside, critical or structural use.Fungal decay, termites & BorersEngineered retaining wall, building polesTanalith Oxide

Tanalised Treated Timber - What is it ?

Treated timber is highly versatile. It is used extensivelly both inside and outside houses and commercial buildings, and in landscaping.

Treatment is carried out by impregnation of the timber, under vacuum and pressure, with tanalised preservatives in accordance with Australian Standards.

After treatment and redrying the tanalised preservative becomes substantially part of the cellular structure of the timber. It can not be removed by weathering, rain, wetting, soaking or scrubbing. The treatment can never be washed out.

Yes, Tanalised Treated Timber is safe to use

The preservative chemicals are toxic to insects and fungi, which is, of course, their purpose. Provided that common sense precautions are observed, preservative chemicals do not present a hazard to humans when fixed in the dried timber.

Sometimes a white powder will appear on the surface of the timber. This is mostly Sodium Sulphate, a harmless substance which, if necessary, can be simply brushed or hosed off.

Plants and Animals

Under normal circumstaces, plants and animals in contact with Tanalised treated timber will be perfectly safe. Care should be taken with certain specific applications such as birdcages, beehives and fishponds. For further information contact TPAA.

Safety Precautions

  • Wear gloves to avoid splinters
  • Cuts and abrasions should be protected from sawing or machining treated timber. Use of sealed dressings is recommended
  • Wash hands and face free of sawdust before meals or smoking. Food and drink should not be left exposed to machinery, dust or treated timber.
  • When sawing and machining treated wood, wear a dust mask. Whenever possible, these operations should be performed outdoors to avoid indoor accumulations of airborns sawdust from treated wood.
  • When power-sawing and machining wear goggles to eyes from flying particles.
  • Sanding operations should be performed in well ventillated areas. If this is not feasible, use dust protection equipment. A dust mask and goggles will generally suffice. Gloves and overalls in high dust situations are also recommended. If preservative or sawdust accumulates on clothes, launder seperately before use.

Disposal of unwanted offcuts and scraps

Tanalised treated timber must never be burnt in barbeques, household fireplaces, wood burning stoves or in confined spaces.

The best method of disposal is to take the unwanted treated timber to the tip or bury it.

Working Tanalised Treated Timber

Tanalised treated timber can be planed, chiselled, nailed or drilled just as easily as untreated timber. Nails, plates and bolts should be hot-dip galvanised.

Painting, Staining, Weathering

Dry Tanalised treated timber can be painted or stained in the same manner as untreated timber.

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